OSHA expects to issue several new final rules in 2016. Some changes are in Pre-rule Stage status, others are in Proposed Rule status while some are in the Final Rule Stage. See this link for more general information:
Pre-rule items include Bloodborne pathogens; Chemical Management and PEL’s; Communication Tower Safety; Powered Industrial Trucks, Lock-out/Tag-out; 1-Bromopropane (1-BP) Standard and others.
Proposed Rule Stage items include: Occupational Exposure to Beryllium; Amendments to Cranes and Derricks in Construction Standard; Crane Operator Qualification in Construction and others.
Those items in Final Rule Stage include:
Occupational Exposure to Silica
Walking Working Surfaces and Personal Fall Protection Systems (Slips, Trips, and Fall Prevention)
As a word of advice, while employers should comply with existing OSHA workplace occupational health and safety rules, it is also smart to know what regulatory requirements are coming.