According to OSHA:
“Injury and Illness Prevention Programs are universal interventions that can substantially reduce the number and severity of workplace injuries and alleviate the associated financial burdens on U.S. workplaces. Many states have requirements or voluntary guidelines for workplace injury and illness prevention programs. Also, numerous employers in the United States already manage safety using Injury and Illness Prevention Programs and we believe that all employers can and should do the same. Most successful injury and illness prevention programs are based on a common set of key elements. These include: management leadership, worker participation, hazard identification, hazard prevention and control, education and training, and program evaluation and improvement.”
The anticipated I2P2 program for a Federally-unified workplace injury and Illness Prevention Program (IIPP) administered by OSHA has been delayed. While employers are already responsible for finding and correcting workplace hazards, this program would have unified IIPP practices. Many states have their own IIPP requirements – California for one having an IIPP element in their Cal/OSHA Title 8 for decades. Despite the delay in the implementation of a Federal IIPP, it is prudent and recommended practice for employers to manage workplace injury and illness prevention in keeping with IIPP elements.
See also the OSHA VPP program web page: https://www.osha.gov/dcsp/vpp/index.html