As an employer, you have duty to provide for a safe and healthy workplace. However, an uncontrolled hazard may cause injury and/or illness. A Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) – sometimes called a JSA (Job Safety Analysis) – is of critical importance in identifying occupational safety and health hazards in the workplace and then implementing hazard controls. The JHA process should be documented. Typically, an assessment form is used. The results of JHA’s are used to develop job and task-specific guidance and training, identify safety measures to be taken, identify the need for PPE (personal protective equipment), and also equipment-specific safety protocols that can be coupled with your LO/TO (lock-out/tag-out) program.
Sample JHA Steps:
1) Conduct a baseline assessment;
2) identify potential hazards and affected population;
3) identify likelihood and potential severity of risks and rank accordingly;
4) address highest risks and exposures first;
5) develop and initiate controls;
6) conduct periodic surveys to assess effectiveness of controls and identify new hazards;
7) update data and analysis process as conditions and findings dictate.
In brief, a JHA should identify the task(s)/procedure(s) involved); hazard type; hazard description; potential consequence(s); hazard controls; effectiveness of controls and the like. Rank hazards based on potential, severity and size of at-risk population. Use the information gathered during your JHA surveys to help you devise effective hazard controls. The preferred control method is to remove hazard. If hazard remains and is not an acceptable risk, follow these steps in order:
1) substitute with a lower hazard process;
2) use administrative and engineered controls to prevent exposure;
3) use engineering and PPE to limit potential for harm to the employee.
OSHA expects you to have implemented a JHA program in the workplace and to keep assessments current. An effective JHA program can help to reduce workplace injury and illness. Besides having great utility value, it is also best practice. Ask us how we can assist you with job hazard analysis.